M ost people feel low from time to time, but when that sadness is persistent, you need to consider that yours or a loved ones mental or emotional state could be related to depression. In this post, we outline common symptoms to watch for and summarise typical treatment options for this mental disorder.

depression

Common Symptoms

When identifying depression, you’re looking for both psychological and physical signs in an individual.

  • Psychological signs can include persistent sadness, loneliness, anxiety, worry, and doubting; irritability; angry outbursts; feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, worthlessness, guilt, and hatred; thoughts of suicide or self-harm; intolerance; and an inability to find pleasure or enjoyment in life.
  • Physical symptoms can include a lack of focus and concentration; slowed speech or body movements; disturbed sleep; restlessness; fatigue, tiredness, and a lack of energy; a change in appetite; aches, pains, and headaches; and low sex drive. Women suffering from depression may also find a change in their menstrual cycle.

Treatment Options

The negative impact of depression can be significant, which is why it’s so important to establish the right method of treatment whether it’s in the form of medication or therapy. Medications often include antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors.

Therapy options include cognitive behavioural therapy, problem solving therapy, interpersonal therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, electroconvulsive therapy, and vagus nerve stimulation. Patients who look for supplements, herbs, or other natural treatments should first consult with a specialist as some of these remedies can intensify the symptoms of depression or interfere with prescribed medications.

Be sure to obtain an opinion from a doctor or mental healthcare provider before you start thinking the worst. Many of these symptoms can be a sign of other health issues, so it’s best to be diagnosed and treated by someone with the relevant expertise.

Image source: thechangeblog.com

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