T he prospect of a mental illness is a scary thing for anyone to handle, which is why many people don’t seek medical attention until it’s too late. However, understanding the signs of a particular disorder and obtaining professional care can save yours or a loved one’s life. With that in mind, we’re outlining five types of disorders that should be on everyone’s radar.

5 Types of Mental Illness and Disorders You Should Know About

1. Mood Disorders

We’re all subject to mood swings from time to time, but persistent feelings of extreme happiness or sadness may indicate that the problem is a little more serious. Bipolar disorder, depression, and mania are just a few of the conditions you’ll find in people who experience intense and drastic fluctuations on the emotional spectrum.

2. Personality Disorders

Individuals with severe and inflexible characteristics are often plagued by problems in their school, work, and social lives. Their thinking and behaviour patterns are so rigid that it affects their ability to function normally. Common examples include paranoid personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and anti-social personality disorder.

3. Anxiety Disorders

While it’s normal to experience anxiety and nervousness under certain circumstances, the response should be appropriate for the situation. When individuals suffer from chronic anxiety that affects their ability to function, the chances are they have a disorder such as OCD, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, or a phobia.

4. Psychotic Disorders

Hallucinations and delusions that stem from distorted awareness and abnormal thinking are usually signs of a psychotic disorder such as Schizophrenia. Treatment often involves a combination of therapy and medication.

5. Addiction and Impulse Control Disorders

Compulsive gambling, substance abuse, kleptomania, and pyromania are all examples of disorders that fall into this category. People often ignore their relationships and responsibilities because they can’t resist the urge to carry out an act that could be harmful to themselves or to others.

Whatever you do, ask a medical professional for help if you see the signs of these mental illnesses in yourself or in a family member. The earlier you intervene, the greater your chance is of living a happy and normal life.

Do you suffer from a mental illness or know someone who does? Share your challenges and triumphs with us in the comment section.

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